The intention with these galleries is to show examples of modular synths in their musical contexts - either in use by musicians or featuring on album artwork. For other galleries of modular synths, see the links page.

If you have any related pictures you'd like to send me, let know! 

All of these pictures are thumbnails with links to bigger better quality versions of the same pictures. Some of them are really worth a look !

The first modular synthesizers were produced independently in the early 1960's by Bob Moog and Don Buchla. The first synthesizer album to really generate any commercial success was 'Switched on Bach' by Wendy Carlos. This 1968 album, played on a Moog Modular Synthesizer won 3 Grammy awards and was the one of the first classical albums to sell 500,000 copies. Carlos worked closely with Bob Moog during the production of the album. The album was so popular than many other labels wanted to capitalise on its success - hence the large number of 'Switched On' and similar albums on this and the next couple of pages.

Front cover of Wendy Carlos seminal 'Switched on Bach' album. (1968)

An unused variant of the Front cover of 'Switched on Bach'.

Front cover of 'Switched on Bach II' (1974)

Front cover of 'Switched on Brandenburgs' (1968)

'The Well-Tempered Synthesizer' by Wendy Carlos (1969)

Detail from front cover of 'The Well-Tempered Synthesizer'

Bob Moog

Bob Moog

Bob Moog

Bob Moog

Wendy Carlos

Wendy Carlos

Wendy Carlos 'By Request' (1975)

Wendy Carlos 'By Request' (2003 Reissue)

'The Moog Strikes Bach' by Hans Wurman. (1969)

'Baroque In Bits'

'Everything you always wanted to hear on the Moog' by Andrew Kazdin and Thomas Z. Shepard

'The Mighty Moog'

'Jon Santo Plays Bach - Synthesized Electrons' (1976)

Back Cover to 'Jon Santo Plays Bach'

The moog craze continued into the mid-70's as can be seen from this selection of covers.

Gershon Kingsley's 'Music To Moog By'. (1969)

From the back cover of 'Music to Moog By'. 

Gershon Kingsley's 'Popcorn' single (1972).

Gershon Kingsley's 'First Moog Quartet' (1970). Read more about Kingsley here.

Gershon Kingsley.

Gershon Kingsley.

God is a Moog - The Electronic Prayers of Gershon Kingsley (2006 compilation)

Hugo Montenegro's Moog Power Album. (1969)

Jean-Jacques Perrey and David Chazam's 'Eclektronics' (1998).

Jean-Jacques Perrey's 'Amazing New Electronic Pop Sound' (1998).

Don Buchla in the 1970's

Don Buchla in the 2000's

David Rosenboom (left) and Donald Buchla (right) in a performance at the Music Gallery in Toronto with two Buchla 300 Series Electric Music Boxes, April 7, 1979

Another view of Buchla (left) and Rosenboom (right)

Suzanne Ciani with a Buchla

Suzanne Ciani

Warner Jepson with a Buchla Box 100 in 1974

Paul Beaver and Bernie Krause at work on In A Wild Sanctuary (1970)

Switched On Beatles by New World Electronic Chamber Ensemble (1974)

Electronic Sound by George Harrison (1969)

Cover to Klaus Wunderlich's Sound2000 Album. (1973)

Detail of Back Cover of Sound2000 by Klaus Wunderlich

Front Cover of Klaus Wunderlich's URALTEDELSCHNULZEN SYNTHESIZERGAGS Album. (1974)

Hot Butter (1972)

Front cover of Moog Groove by The Electronic Concept Orchestra (1969).

Back cover of Moog Groove by The Electronic Concept Orchestra.

The Age of Electronicus by Dick Hyman (1969) (Gatefold sleeve).

Switched on Santa! by Sy Mann (1969)

Christmas becomes Electric by The Moog Machine(1969)

'A Christmas Yet To Come' by Joseph Byrd (1975)

'Moog at the Movies' by Synthesonic Sounds (1971)

'Switched-On Rock' by The Moog Machine (1969)

'Switched-On Buck' by Jeff Haskell (1971)

'Country Moog - Switched on Nashville!' by Gil Trythall (1972)

'Nashville Gold!' by Gil Trythall (1973)

'Moogie Woogie' by The Zeet Band (1970).

'Go-Moog!' by Elektrik Cokernut (1973).

'The Happy Moog' by Harry Breuer and Jean-Jaques Perry (1969)

Back Cover of 'The Happy Moog'

'Moog Expressions' by Pat Prilly (1970).

'Moog Sensations' by Pat Prilly (1971).

By the mid-70's there was no need to call every synth-based album 'Switched-On' or '...goes Moog'! But the interest in synthesizers in music continued and more experimental works were created.

'The Magic of the Arp-Synthesizer' by Joop Stokkermans (1970)

'The Art of the Synthesizer' by Sam Spence

'Pulaski Skyway' by Chris Swansen

'Alien Bog/Beautiful Soop' by Pauline Oliveros (1967)

Mort Garson's 'Electric Hairpieces' (1969)

Back cover of 'Electric Hairpieces'

Mort Garson's 'The Wozard of Iz' (1968)

Back cover of 'The Wozard of Iz'

Mort Garson

Laurie Spiegel

Morton Subotnick's 'Sidewinder' (1971)

Morton Subotnick's - 'Until Spring' (1975)

'Crystal Machine' (1977) by Tim Blake of Gong and Hawkwind.

Back cover of 'Crystal Machine'.

'The Sounds of Love'

Back cover of 'The Sounds of Love'

'The Rick Powell Choir Book' (1974)

'Cosmic Furnace' by Roger Powell (1974)

Bruno Spoerri

'Glücks Kugel' by Bruno Spoerri

'lischalte' by Bruno Spoerri (1974)

Back cover of 'lischalte' by Bruno Spoerri (1974)

'Covent Garden' by Electrophon (1973)

'Electronic Music Of Theater And Public Activity' by Gordon Mumma

'Bach for Computer' by Carlos Futura (1979)

'Bach for Computer' (Back Cover)

'Sound Fantasy' by Carlos Futura (1979)

'Sound Fantasy' (Back Cover)

The Pink Mice in 'Synthesizer Sound'

'Formal and Informal Music' (1981)

'Solitude' by Walter Christian Rothe (1978)

'Solitude' (back)

Barry Schrader

Herbie Hancock is well known for his pioneering use of synthesizers in Jazz and Funk. Other artists in the mid-70s and later were similarly interested in bringing these exciting and versatile instruments into their music.

Front cover of Herbie Hancock's 'Monster' album. (1980).

Detail from Front cover of Herbie Hancock's Thrust Album (1974). Not a modular, but a great cover nonetheless.

No modulars in sight, but still a classic sleeve. Back cover of Herbie Hancock's 'Sunlight' album (1978) and the seperate key that came with it. All albums should come with such informative material on the cover!

Herbie Hancock & Patrick Gleeson hard at work with an Emu Modular in Gleeson's Studio.

Another great picture of Patrick Gleeson whose Rainbow Delta album has recently been re-issued on Anthology Recordings.

Stevie Wonder advertises the ARP 2600

Joe Zawinul advertises the ARP 2600

Front and back cover of 'Blues Current' by John Murtaugh (1970). The album features Herbie Hancock on Piano and Bernard Purdie on Drums, and includes such tracks as 'Good Old Fashioned Electronic Synthesizer Blues' and 'The Sine Wave's Connected To The Pulse Wave'.

Giorgio Moroder

Giorgio Moroder

'Sky Music' by Mike Mandel (1978)

Back cover of 'Sky Music'.

'About Time' by Tonto.

'Zero Time' by Tonto.

'Tonto Rides Again' by Tonto.

Malcolm Cecil with 'Tonto'

'Tonto' starring in 'Phantom of the Paradise', a 1974 film by Brian de Palma

Another shot from 'Phantom of the Paradise'

Toto's Steve Porcaro and his Polyfusion Modular system - 'Damius'

Malcolm Clarke of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop

Bionic Orchestra by Francis Rimbert (1979)

Back cover to Bionic Orchestra

German electronic music pioneers Tangerine Dream were one of many bands to incorporate synthesizers into their music.

Tangerine Dream's debut 'Electronic Meditation' (1969)

Switched-On Tangerine Dream (Let me know if you can tell me anything about this photo)

Klaus Schulze at the London Planetarium (1977).

Klaus Schulze at Linz (1980).

Tangerine Dream Live at Reims (1974). See this footage of them Live At Coventry Cathedral, 1975.

Peter Baumann (1974).

Peter Baumann.

Peter Baumann.

Detail of front cover of Tangerine Dream's live album 'LOGOS'. (1982)

Detail from Tangerine Dream's live album 'Ricochet'. (1975)

Detail from back cover of 'LOGOS'.

Detail of Poster from Klaus Schulze '...Live...' (1980).

Detail of Poster from Klaus Schulze '...Live...' (1980).

Detail of Poster from Klaus Schulze '...Live...' (1980).

Inside cover from Klaus Schulze album, 'Audentity' (1983).

Klaus Schulze, 'X' (1978).

Klaus Schulze, 'Are You Sequenced?' (1996).

Klaus Schulze, 'Live at Klangart' (2001).

Klaus Schulze, '...Live...' (1980).

Ash Ra Tempel

Popol Vuh

Isao Tomita is one of Japan's most succesful electronic music pioneers and has produced a number of classic synthesizer based albums.

Isao Tomita's Sound Creature. (1977)

Back cover of 'Sound Creature.

Sound Creature 2.

Isao Tomita's 'Different Dimensions' (Best of) (1977)

Isao Tomita's 'The Newest Sound of Debussy' (1974)  Back cover from 'The Newest Sound of Debussy'

Isao Tomita's Firebird (1975). Back cover of Firebird.

Detail from the back cover of Firebird.

Click here to see the detailed equipment list provided on the back cover of the album.


Tomita in the Studio.

Synthesizers are now so pervasive in modern music that few musicians feel the need to portray them on their albums any more. A few

Front Cover of StereoLab's 1994 Mars Audiac Quintet album

Back cover to same.


Twenty Systems by Benge (2008)

Best of Benge (1999)

King Tubby Meets Jacob Miller In A Tenement Yard (1976) Sleeve from 2006 reissue.

Who needs MIDI when you can just interface directly with your keyboards like this? This image of Kraftwerk is from 'The Robots Remix'.



No modulars that I can see, but I've included these photos because this is my mind's eye picture of what it looks like inside my virtual Pulsar studio. Without the Afghan coat and other horrible fashion items, of course. Thanks to Rod Burgess for these truly awesome photos of Rick Wakeman!